Everything You Need To Know to Teach the Mid-Autumn Festival

  • Post last modified:5 January 2024
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What is the Mid Autumn Festival 中秋节?

Mid-autumn falls on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month every year. Hence the name mid-autumn 中秋,  as it falls in the middle 中 of autumn 秋. 

This year (2022), Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 10th of September.

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How do you celebrate it?

Traditionally it is a time for family to gather, eat mooncakes and pomelo, drink Chinese tea and admire the moon.

What are mooncakes?

Mooncakes are traditionally made of lotus paste, with salted egg yolks. Modern versions come in a variety of colours, fruity flavours and look nothing like the mooncakes of old.

In Singapore where I am from, you can get durian mooncakes, ice cream mooncakes, yam mooncakes, coffee mooncakes. Anything you can imagine, we would have it. 

My kids love the traditional style with no egg yolks, and like me, have not been too adventurous with the flavours!

Mooncakes come in all shapes, sizes and flavours!

Mid-Autumn Festival Poem










This poem has been popularised and romanticised by Chinese singers such as Teresa Teng, and Faye Wong over the years. Listen to this beautiful song sang by Faye Wong《但愿人长久》 in the Youtube Video below.

Originally though, it was written by poet Su Shi for his brother whom he has not seen for 7 years. As he gazes upon the full moon pondering when he might see his brother again, he philosophises that separation is as common as reunion, and such is life…

The story and legends behind the Mid-Autumn Festival

There are two main stories connected to this festival. The most famous one being the mystical tale of Chang E’, who drank a magical elixir and flew to the moon. 

The second one, which is an actual historical event, occured in the . A very smart general, slipped in a revolutionary message in the mooncakes to inform the masses of the plan to revolt.

Most people would have heard the story of Chang E’ and it has been popularised in books and cartoons about the Mid-Autumn Festival. I remember being really fascinated as a child about the lady in the moon, and every Mid-Autumn Festival, I would stare hard at the full moon for a glimpse of her shadow!

Mid-Autumn Festival Lantern Riddles

Other than gathering with friends and family to eat mooncakes, drink tea and watch the moon, there is a special event during the Mid-Autumn festival, riddles (猜灯谜/打灯谜)! It’s a fun way to spend the night and work your brains to see if you or your children can understand the riddles. 


Here are some fruit related examples from Taiwan Women’s Health Magazine:

  1. 脱了红袍子,是个白胖子;去了白胖子,是颗黑丸子。
  2. 狼來了。
  3. 麻屋子红帐子,里面一个白胖子。
  4. 一群黄鸡娘,生蛋进船舱。烤后一声响,个个大过娘。
  5. 身穿绿衣裳,肚里水汪汪,生的子儿多,个个黑脸膛


1 荔枝

2 杨桃

3 花生

4 爆米花

5 西瓜

Did you get them?? I only guessed number 2 correctly! 😁

There are more kid-friendly riddles on 知乎 such as:





Here are some videos of the stories related to Mid Autumn Festival

Movies about the Mid-Autumn Festival

over the moon

We’ve watched “Over the Moon” twice last year. Once when it was around the Mid-Autumn Festival, and once again because the children really enjoyed it.

In this movie, a little girl Fei Few (super smarty pants – I love a good strong female character!) builds a rocket to the moon to meet Chang E’ and prove her existence. There is a sad backstory which I will spare you the details of. All in all, a touching and heart-warming story about family, love, faith and hope. 

Available to watch on Netflix

Easy Art and Craft Ideas for the Mid-Autumn Festival

Making crafts around Chinese festivals are one of the best way to involve children in learning about the festival. 

As a child, I made Chinese lanterns with my siblings out of cellophane and candles, and paraded them round the block where we lived. It was so much fun to be able to stay up late to play!

I didn’t make lanterns with my children, as I was concerned about fire hazard!! But you can certainly make paper ones that doesn’t light up. Instead, we made adorable origami rabbits, and super cute paper mooncakes.  

Learn expressions and work on the children’s fine motor skills with this cute and easy paper mooncake craft

The children and I had so much fun making these origami rabbits. They were a really delicate and sweet decoration to have in the house. 

And it was relatively easy even for my 3 year old to do!

For other simple art and craft ideas for the mid autumn festival, check out this blog post for:

  • tissue box lantern
  • origami lantern
  • play dough mooncake (looks so real, you think you can eat them!😜)
  • how to draw mid-autumn festival items

Free Mid Autumn Vocabulary Flashcards

Don’t forget to do some focused teaching with this set of Mid-Autumn flashcards you can download on the members site.

There are 8 Chinese/English vocabulary words in this set:

  • Full Moon 满月
  • Mooncake 月饼
  • Tea 茶
  • Lantern 灯笼
  • Pomelo 柚子
  • Autumn 秋天
  • Chang E 嫦娥
  • Reunion 团圆

If you found this set of flashcards useful, do check out our best-selling Montessori bilingual flashcards

Chinese English Montessori flashcards

Find easy-to-prep and gorgeous bilingual flashcards and posters on the Mandarin Homeschool Teacherpayteacher website. 

Mid-Autumn Festival Colouring Worksheets

Download these 8 cute colouring worksheets on the Mandarin Homeschool Freebie page while you’re at it. 

You can even use the colouring sheets to make a lantern!

Books about the Mid-Autumn Festival

If you read my blog post, you will know that as a family, we are huge readers. I had previously written an extensive blog post on the Mid-Autumn Festival books we love where you will find full book details, and Youtube readings. 

The top 3 favourite English books  in our household about the Mid-Autumn Festival are:

The top 3 favourite Chinese  books  in our household about the Mid-Autumn Festival are:

  • 《中秋节绘本3D立体书
  • 《伊伊中秋节快乐》
  • 《今天我们做月饼》

I think I have covered all the information you will need to teach your children about the wonderful Mid-Autumn Festival. If I have missed anything, do comment and let me know!

Here’s wishing you a harmonious and sweet Mid-Autumn Festival. 中秋快乐 🥮

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